Publication Ethics

The publication of an article in Jurnal MANDIRI: Ilmu Pengetahuan, Seni, dan Teknologi reviewed by colleagues, which has the same field, is an important building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. This is a direct reflection of the quality of work of the Author and the institutions that support them. The articles reviewed will support and realize the scientific method. Therefore, it is important to approve ethical standards that are expected for all parties involved in publishing actions: Author, journal editor, peer reviewer, publisher and society.

Lembaga Kajian Demokrasi dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (LKD-PM) takes on guardianship duties on all serious stages of publishing and we recognize our ethics and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprints, or other commercial revenues do not have an impact or influence on editorial decisions.

This statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed Jurnal MANDIRI: Ilmu Pengetahuan, Seni, dan Teknologi is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher, and the society.

Publication decision

The Editor's Jurnal MANDIRI: Ilmu Pengetahuan, Seni, dan Teknologi is responsible for deciding which articles are submitted to journals that must be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance for researchers and readers must always encourage such decisions. The editors can be guided by the policies of the journal editorial board and are limited by legal requirements such as those currently in force related to defamation, copyright infringement and plagiarism. Editors can negotiate with editors or other reviewers in making this decision.

There is no discrimination

The editor at any time evaluates the manuscript for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, citizenship, or author's political philosophy.


Any editor and editorial staff may not disclose any information about the manuscript sent to anyone other than the relevant Author, reviewer, potential reviewer, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure and conflict of interest

Unpublished material disclosed in the submitted manuscript may not be used in the editor's own research without the written consent of the Author.

Reviewer's duties

Contributions to Editorial Decisions

Peer reviews help editors in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communication with the Author can also help Author improve papers.


Each selected reviewer who feels ineligible to review the research reported in the manuscript or knows that a quick review is not possible, must notify the editor and withdraw from the review process.


The manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They may not be shown or discussed with others except as permitted by the editor.

Standard of Objectivity

The review must be done objectively. Personal criticism from the Author is incorrect. Reviewers must express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Source Recognition

Reviewers must identify relevant published works that have not been quoted by the Author. Each statement that observations, derivations, or previously reported arguments must be accompanied by relevant citations. The reviewer must also draw the attention of the editor if there is a substantial or overlapping similarity between the text being considered and other published papers that have personal knowledge.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Special information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers may not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competition, collaboration, or other relationships or relationships with one of the Author, company or institution connected to the paper.

Author's task

Reporting standards

Author of the original research report must present an accurate report of the work performed and objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data must be accurately represented in the paper. A paper must contain sufficient details and references to enable others to replicate the work. Statements that are fraudulent or intentionally inaccurate are unethical and unacceptable behaviour.

Originality and Plagiarism

The author must ensure that they have written a completely original work, and if the author has used the work and/or words of others that have been quoted or quoted correctly.

Double, Excessive, or Simultaneous Publication

An Author should not generally publish texts that explain basically the same research in more than one journal or main publication. Sending the same manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously is an unethical and unacceptable publishing behaviour.

Source Recognition

Appropriate recognition of the work of others must always be given. The author must cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the work reported.

Validity sheet

Authorship must be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conceptions, design, implementation, or interpretation of the research reported. All people who have made significant contributions must be registered as co-authors. Where there are other people who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they must be recognized or registered as contributors. The appropriate author must ensure that all co-authors are right and that there are no inappropriate co-authors included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and agreed to the final version of this paper and have agreed to submit it for publication.

Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

All Authors must disclose in their manuscripts any financial conflicts or other substantive conflicts that may be interpreted to influence the results or interpretation of their text. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.

Basic errors in published works

When an author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in his published work, it is the duty of the Author to immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and work with the editor to withdraw or correct the paper.