Jurnal MANDIRI: Ilmu Pengetahuan, Seni, dan Teknologi, is a journal devoted to various fields of science, art, and technology but nowadays the fields have been focused in Economic and Business. This journal is open to the general public, who want to publish articles written not only in Indonesian but also in English. The existence of this Journal is expected to be a means for increasing the competence of lecturers and also as an alternative for the general public in publishing the results of their work. We hope that this Journal will make a major contribution to the advancement of science, art and technology.

Jurnal MANDIRI: Ilmu Pengetahuan, Seni, dan Teknologi is published 2 (two) times a year, namely in June and December.

Chief of Editor: Syamruddin